Please choose the desired module from the list of Modules present at right side...


 


 

1.1: Arithmetic

1.1: Arithmetic

Arithmetical terms and signs, methods of multiplication and division, fractions and decimals, factors and multiples, weights, measures and conversion factors, ratio and proportion, averages and percentages, areas and volumes, squares, cubes, square and cube roots.

1.2: Algebra

1.2: Algebra

a) Evaluating simple algebraic expressions, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division,use of brackets, simple algebraic functions;


b) Linear equations and their solutions; Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices;Binary and other applicable numbering systems; Simultaneous equations and second degree equations with one unknown. Logarithms.

1.3: Geometry

1.3: Geometry

a) Simple geometrical constructions;
b) Graphical representation; nature and uses of graphs, graphs of equations/functions;
c) Simple trigonometry; trigonometrically relationships, use of tables and rectangular and polar co-ordinates.


 

2.1: Matter

2.1: Matter

Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules; Chemical compounds; States: solid, liquid & gaseous; Changes between states.

2.2: Mechanics

2.2: Mechanics

Statics
Forces, moments & couples, representaton as vectors; Centre of gravity; Elements of theory of stress, strain & elasticity: tension, compression, shear & torsion; Nature & properties of solid, fluid & gas; Pressure & buoyancy in liquids (barometers).


Kinetics
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motionunder gravity); Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
Periodic motion: pendular movement; Simple theory of vibration, harmonics and resonance; Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage and efficiency.

Dynamics

a) Mass, Force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency;

b) Momentum, conservation of momentum; Impulse; Gyroscopic principles; Friction: nature & effects, coefficient of friction (rolling resistance).

Fluid Dynamics

a) Specific gravity & density;

b) Viscosity, fluid resistance, effects of streamlining; effects of compressibility on fluids; Static, dynamic & total pressure: Bernoulli's Theorem, venturi.

2.3: Thermodynamics

2.3: Thermodynamics

a) Temperature: thermometers & temperature scales: Celsius, Fahrenheit & Kelvin; Heat definition

b) Heat capacity, specific heat; Heat transfer convection, radiation & conduction; Volumetric expansion; First & second law of thermodynamics; Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume & constant volume & pressure, work done by expanding gas; Isothermal, adiabatic expansion & compression, engine cycles, constant volume & constant pressure, refrigerators & heat pumps; Latent heats of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.

2.4: Optics (Light)

2.4: Optics (Light)

Nature of light; speed of light; Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces,
reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses; Fibre optics.

2.5: Wave Motion & Sound

2.5: Wave Motion & Sound

Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion, interference phenomena, standing waves; Sound: speed of sound, production of sound, intensity, pitch & quality, Doppler effect.


 

3.1: Electron Theory

3.1: Electron Theory

Structure and distribution of electrical charges within: atoms, molecules, ions, compounds; Molecular structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

3.2: Static Electricity & Conduction

3.2: Static Electricity & Conduction

Static electricity and distribution of electrostatic charges; Electrostatic laws of attraction and repulsion; Units of charge, Coulomb's Law; Conduction of electricity in solids, liquids, gases
and a vacuum.

3.3: Electrical Terminology

3.3: Electrical Terminology

The following terms, their units and factors affecting them: potential difference, electromotive force, voltage, current, resistance, conductance, charge, conventional current flow, electron
flow.

3.4: Generation of Electricity

3.4: Generation of Electricity

Production of electricity by the following methods: light, heat, friction, pressure, chemical action,magnetism & motion.

3.5: DC Sources of Electricity

3.5: DC Sources of Electricity

Construction & basic chemical action of primary cells, secondary cells, lead acid cells, nickel cadmium cells, other alkaline cells; Cells connected in series & parallel; Internal resistance & its effect on a battery; Construction, materials & operation of thermocouples; Operation of photocells.

3.6: DC Circuits

3.6: DC Circuits

Ohms Law, Kirchoff's Voltage & Current Laws; Calculations using the above laws to find resistance, voltage & current; Significance of the internal resistance of a supply.

3.7: Resistance / Resistor

3.7: Resistance / Resistor

a) Resistance & affecting factors; Specific resistance; Resistor colour code, values & tolerances, preferred values, wattage ratings; Resistors in series & parallel; Calculation of total resistance using series, parallel & series parallel combinations; Operation & use of potentiometers & rheostats; Operation of Wheatstone Bridge;

b) Positive & negative temperature coefficient conductance; Fixed resistors, stability, tolerance & limitations, methods of construction; Variable resistors, thermistors, voltage dependent resistors;
Construction of potentiometers and rheostats; Construction of Wheatstone Bridge.

3.8: Power

3.8: Power

Power, work & energy (kinetic & potential); Dissipation of power by a resistor; Power formula; Calculations involving power, work & energy.

3.9: Capacitance / Capacitor

3.9: Capacitance / Capacitor

Operation and function of a capacitor; Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates, number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant, working voltage, voltage rating; Capacitor types, construction & function; Capacitor colour coding; Calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits; Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants; Testing of capacitors.

3.10: Magnetism

3.10: Magnetism

a) Theory of magnetism; Properties of a magnet; Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth's magnetic field; Magnetisation & demagnetisation; Magnetic shielding; Various types of magnetic
material; Electromagnets construction and principles of operation; Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying conductor;

b) Magnetomotive force, field strength, magnetic flux density, permeability, hysteresis loop, retentivity, coercive force reluctance, saturation point, eddy currents; Precautions for care & storage of magnets.

3.11: Inductance / Inductor

3.11: Inductance / Inductor

Faraday's Law; Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field; Induction principles; Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux, number of conductor turns; Mutual induction; The effect the rate of change of primary current & mutual inductance has on Factors affecting mutual inductance: number of turns in coil, physical size of coil, permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other; Lenz's Law & polarity determining rules; Back emf, self induction; Saturation point; Principle uses of inductors.

3.12: DC Motor / Generator Theory

3.12 DC Motor / Generator Theory

Basic motor & generator theory; Construction & purpose of components in DC generator; Operation of, & factors affecting output and direction of current flow; Operation of, & factors affecting output power, torque, speed & direction of rotation of C motors; Series wound, shunt wound & compound motors; Starter Generator construction.

3.13: AC Theory

3.13: AC Theory

Sinusoidal waveform: phase, period, frequency, cycle; Instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values; Triangular/Square waves; Single / 3 phase principles.

3.14: Resistive (R), Capacitive (C) and Inductive (L)

3.14: Resistive (R), Capacitive (C) and Inductive (L)

Phase relationship of voltage and current in L, C & R circuits, parallel, series & series parallel; Power dissipation in L, C & R circuits; Impedance, phase angle, power factor & current calculations; True power, apparent power & reactive power calculations.

3.15: Transformers

3.15 Transformers

Transformer construction principles and operation; Transformer losses & methods for overcoming them; Transformer action under load & no-load conditions; Power transfer, efficiency, polarity markings; Primary & Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency; Auto transformers.

3.16: Filters

3.16: Filters

Operation, application & uses of the following filters: low pass, high pass, band pass, band stop.

3.17: AC Generators

3.17: AC Generators

Rotation of loop in a magnetic field & waveform produced; Operation & construction of revolving armature & revolving field type AC generators; Single phase, two phase & three phase alternators;
Three phase star & delta connections advantages & uses; Calculation of line & phase voltages & currents; Calculation of power in a three phase system; Permanent Magnet Generators.

3.18: AC Motors

 

3.18: AC Motors

Construction, principles of operation and characteristics of. AC synchronous & induction motors both single & polyphase; Methods of speed control & direction of rotation; Methods of producing a rotating field: capacitor, inductor, shaded or split pole.


 

4.1: Semiconductors

4.1: Semiconductors

Diodes


a) Symbols; Characteristics & properties; Diodes in series & parallel; Main characteristics & use of silicon controlled rectifiers (thyristors), light emitting diode, photo conductive diode, varistor, rectifier diodes; Functional testing of diodes.


b) Materials, electron configuration, electrical properties; P & N type materials: effects of impurities on conduction, majority & minority characters; PN junction in a semiconductor, development of a potential across a PN junction in unbiased, forward biased and reverse biased conditions; Diode parameters: peak inverse voltage, maximum forward current, temperature, frequency, leakage current, power dissipation; Operation and function of diodes in the following circuits: clippers, clampers, full and half wave rectifiers, bridge rectifiers, voltage doublers and triplers; Detailed operation and characteristics of the following devices: silicon controlled rectifier(thyristor), light emitting diode, Shottky diode, photocondiuctive diode, varactor diode, varistor, rectifier diodes, Zener diode.


Transistors


a) symbols; Component description & orientation; characteristics & properties.


b) Construction and operation of PNP & NPN transistors; Base, collector & emitter configurations: Testing of transistors; Basic appreciation of other transistor types & their uses; Application of transistors: classes of amplifier (A, B, C); Simple circuits including: bias, decoupling, feedback and stabilisation; Multistage circuit principles: cascades, push-pull, oscillators, multivibrators, flip-flop circuits.

Integrated Circuits

a) Description & operation of logic circuits & linear circuits / operational amplifiers.


b) Description & operation of logic circuits & linear circ uits; Introduction to operation & function of an operational amplifier used as: integrator, differentiator, voltage follower, comparator; Operation & amplifier stages connecting methods: resistive capacitive, inductive (transformer), inductive resistive (IR), direct; Advantages & disadvantages of positive & negative feedback.

4.2: Printed Circuit Boards

4.2: Printed Circuit Boards

Description & use of printed circuit boards.

4.3: Servomechanisms

4.3: Servomechanisms

a) Understanding of the following terms: Open & closed loop systems, feedback, follow up, analogue transducers; Principles of operation & use of the following synchro system components/ features: resolvers, differential, control & torque, transformers, inductance & capacitance transmitters.


b) Understanding of the following terms: Open & closed loop, follow up, servomechanism, analogue, transducer, null, damping, feedback, deadband; Construction operation & use of the following synchro system components: resolvers, differential, control & torque, E and I transformers, inductance transmitters, capacitance transmitters, synchronous transmitters; Servomechanism defects, reversal of synchro leads, hunting.

 


 

5.01: Electronic Instrument Systems

5.01: Electronic Instrument Systems

Typical systems arrangements and cockpit layout of electronic instrument systems.

5.02: Numbering Systems

5.02: Numbering Systems

Numbering systems: binary, octal & hexadecimal; Demonstration of conversions between the decimal & binary, octal & hexadecimal systems & vice versa.

5.03: Data Conversion

5.03: Data Conversion

Analogue Data, Digital Data; Operation and application of analogue to digital, & digital to analogue converters, inputs & outputs, limitations of various types.

5.04: Data Buses

5.04: Data Buses

Operation of data buses in aircraft systems, including knowledge of ARINC and other specifications.

5.05: Logic Circuits

5.05: Logic Circuits

a) Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables & equivalent circuits; Applications used
for aircraft systems, schematic diagrams;


b) Interpretation of logic diagrams.

5.06: Basic Computer Terminology

5.06: Basic Computer Terminology

a) Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hardware, CPU, IC, and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM); Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems);


b) Computer related terminology; Operation, layout & interface of the major components in a micro computer including their associated bus systems; Information contained in single and multiaddress instruction words; Memory associated terms; Operation of typical memory devices; Operation, advantages & disadvantages of the various data storage systems.

5.07: Microprocessors

 

5.07: Microprocessors

Functions performed & overall operation of a microprocessor; Basic operation of the following microprocessor elements: control & processing unit, clock, register, arithmetic logic unit.

5.08: Integrated Circuits

 

5.08: Integrated Circuits

Operation and use of encoders & decoders; Function of encoder types; Uses of medium, large & very large scale integration.

5.09: Multiplexing

5.09: Multiplexing

Operation, application & identification in logic diagrams of multiplexers & demultiplexers.

 

5.10: Fibre Optics

5.10: Fibre Optics

Advantages & disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission over electrical wire propagation; Fibre optic data bus; Fibre optic related terms; Terminations; Couplers, control terminals, remote terminals; Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.

 

5.11: Electronic Displays

5.11: Electronic Displays

Principles of operation of common display types used in modem aircraft, inc. CRT, LED & LCD.

 

5.12: Electrostatic Sensitive Devices

 

5.12: Electrostatic Sensitive Devices

Special handling of components sensitive to electrostatic discharges; Awareness of risks & possible damage, component & personnel anti-static protection devices.

5.13: Software Management Control

 

5.13: Software Management Control

Awareness of restrictions, airworthiness requirements & possible catastrophic effects of unapproved changes to software programmes.

5.14: Electromagnetic Environment

 

5.14: Electromagnetic Environment

Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system: EMC - Electromagnetic Compatibility; EMI - Electromagnetic Interference; HIRF - High Intensity Radiated Field; Lightning/lightning protection.

5.15: Typical Electronic / Digital Aircraft Systems

5.15: Typical Electronic / Digital Aircraft Systems

General arrangement of typical electronic/digital aircraft systems and associated BITE (Built in test Equipment) testing such as:


ACARS - ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System

ECAM - Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring

EFIS - Electronic Flight Instrument System

EICAS - Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System

FBW - Fly by Wire

FMS - Flight Management System

GPS - Global Positioning System

IRS - Inertial Reference System

TCAS - Traffic Alert Collision Avoidance System

Note : Different manufacturers may use different terminology for similar systems. 

 


6.01: Aircraft Materials - Ferrous

6.01: Aircraft Materials - Ferrous

a) Characteristics, properties and identification of common alloy steels used in aircraft; Heat treatment and application of alloys steels;


b) Testing of ferrous materials for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact
resistance.

6.02: Aircraft Materials - Non-Ferrous

6.02: Aircraft Materials - Non-Ferrous

a) Characteristics, properties and identification of common non-ferrous materials used in aircraft; Heat treatment and application of non-ferrous materials;


b) Testing of non-ferrous material for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact
resistance.

6.03: Aircraft Materials - Composite and Non-Metallic

6.03: Aircraft Materials - Composite and Non-Metallic

Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric
a) Characteristics, properties and identification of common composite and non-metallic materials, other than wood, used in aircraft; Sealant and bonding agents.


b) The detection of defects in composite and non-metallic material; Repair of composite material.

 

Wooden Structures

Construction methods of wooden airframe structures; Characteristics, properties and types of wood and glue used in aeroplanes; Preservation of maintenance of wooden structures;
Types of defects in wood material and wooden structures; The detection of defects in wooden structure; Repair of wooden structure.

Fabric covering

Characteristics, properties and types of fabric used in aeroplanes; Inspection methods for fabric; Types of defects in fabric; Repair of fabric covering.

6.04: Corrosion

6.04: Corrosion

a) Chemical fundamentals; Formation by: galvanic action process, microbiological, stress;


b) Types of corrosion and their identification; Causes of corrosion; Material types, susceptibility
to corrosion.

6.05: Fasteners

6.05: Fasteners

Screw Threads
Screw nomenclature; Thread forms, dimensions and tolerances for standard threads used in aircraft; Measuring screw threads.

Bolds, studs and screws
Bolt types: specification, identification and marking of aircraft bolts, international standards
Nuts: self locking, anchor, standard types; Machine screws: aircraft specifications;
Studs: types and uses, insertion and removal; Self tapping screws, dowels

Locking devices
Tab and spring washers, locking plates, split pins, pal-nuts, wire locking, quick release fasteners, keys, circlips, cotter pins.

Aircraft rivets
Types of solid and blind rivets: specifications and identification, heat treatment.

6.06: Pipes & Unions

6.06: Pipes & Unions

a) Identification of, and types of rigid and flexible pipes and their connectors used in aircraft;


b) Standard unions for aircraft hydraulic, fuel, oil, pneumatic and air system pipes.

6.07: Springs

6.07: Springs

Types of springs, materials, characteristics and applications.

6.08: Bearings

6.08: Bearings

Purpose of bearings, loads, material, construction; Types of bearings and their application.

6.09: Transmissions

6.09: Transmissions

Gear types and their application; Gear ratios, reduction and multiplication gear systems, driven
and driving gears, idler gears, mesh patterns; Belts and pulleys, chains and sprockets.

6.10: Control Cables

6.10: Control Cables

Types of cables; End fittings, turnbuckles and compensation devices; Pulleys and cable system components; Bowden cables; Aircraft flexible control systems.

6.11: Electrical Cables and Connectors

6.11: Electrical Cables and Connectors

Cable types, construction and characteristics; High tension and co-axial cables; Crimping; Connector types, pins, plugs, sockets, insulators, current and voltage rating, coupling, identification codes.

 


7.01: Safety Precautions - Aircraft & Workshop

 

7.01: Safety Precautions - Aircraft & Workshop

Aspects of safe working practices including precautions to take when working with electricity, gases especially oxygen, oils and chemicals. Also, instruction in the remedial action to be taken in the event of a fire or another accident with one or more of these hazards including knowledge of extinguishing agents.

7.02: Workshop Practices

7.02: Workshop Practices

Care of tools, control of tools, use of workshop materials; Dimensions, allowances & tolerances, standards of workmanship; Calibration of tools & equipment, calibration standards.

7.03: Tools

7.03: Tools

Common hand tool types; Common power tool types; Operation & use of precision measuringtools; Lubrication equipment & methods; Operation, function & use of electrical general test
equipment.

7.04: Avionic General Test Equipment

7.04: Avionic General Test Equipment

Operation, function & use of avionic general test equipment.

7.05: Engineering Drawings, Diagrams & Standards

7.05: Engineering Drawings, Diagrams & Standards

Drawing types & diagrams, their symbols, dimensions, tolerances & projections; Identifying title block information; Microfilm, microfiche & computerised presentations; Specification 100 of the Air Transport Association (ATA) of America; Aeronautical & other applicable standards including ISO, AN, MS, NAS & MIL; Wiring diagrams & schematic diagrams. 

7.06: Fits & Clearances

 

7.06: Fits & Clearances

Drill sizes for bolt holes, classes of fits; Common system of fits & clearances; Schedule of fits & clearances for aircraft & engines; Limits for bow, twist & wear; Standard methods for checking shafts, bearings & other parts.

7.07: Electrical Cables & Connectors

7.07: Electrical Cables & Connectors

Continuity, insulation & bonding techniques & testing; Use of crimp tools: hand & hydraulic operated; Testing of crimp joints; Connector pin removal & insertion; Co-axial cables: testing & installation precautions; Wiring protection techniques: Cable looming & loom support, cable clamps, protective sleeving techniques including heat shrink wrapping, shielding.

7.08: Riveting

7.08: Riveting

Riveted joints, rivet spacing & pitch; Tools used for riveting & dimpling; Inspection of riveted joints.

7.09: Pipes & Hoses

7.09: Pipes & Hoses

Bending & belling/flaring aircraft pipes; Inspection & testing of aircraft pipes & hoses; Installation & clamping of pipes.

7.10: Springs

 7.10: Springs

Inspection & testing of springs.

7.11: Bearings

 7.11: Bearings

Testing, cleaning & inspection of bearings; Lubrication requirements of bearings; Defects in bearings & their causes.

7.12: Transmissions

7.12: Transmissions

Inspection of gears, backlash; Inspection of belts & pulleys, chains & sprockets; Inspection of screw jacks, lever devices, push -pull rod systems.

7.13: Control Cables

7.13: Control Cables

Swaging of end fittings; Inspection & testing of control cables; Bowden cables; aircraft flexible control systems.

7.14: Material Handling

7.14: Material Handling

Sheet Metal: Marking out and calculation of bend allowance; Sheet metal working, including bending & forming; Inspection of sheet metal work.

 
Composite & non-metallic: Bonding practices; Environmental conditions; Inspection methods. 

7.15: Welding, Brazing, Soldering & Bonding

7.15: Welding, Brazing, Soldering & Bonding

a) Soldering methods; inspection of soldered joints;


b) Welding & brazing methods; Inspection of welded & brazed joints; Bonding methods & inspection of bonded joints.

7.16: Aircraft Weight & Balance

7.16: Aircraft Weight & Balance

a) Centre of Gravity / Balance limits calculation: use of relevant documents;


b) Preparation of aircraft for weighing; Aircraft weighing. 

7.17: Aircraft Handling & Storage

7.17: Aircraft Handling & Storage

Aircraft taxiing / towing & associated safety precautions; Aircraft jacking, chocking, securing & associated safety precautions; Aircraft storage methods; Refuelling / defuelling procedures; De -icing/anti -icing procedures; Electrical, hydraulic & pneumatic ground supplies; Effects of environmental conditions on aircraft handling & operation.

7.18: Disassembly, Inspection, Repair & Assembly Techniques

7.18: Disassembly, Inspection, Repair & Assembly Techniques

a) Types of defects & visual inspection techniques; Corrosion removal, assessment & reprotection.


b) General repair methods, Structural Repair Manual; Ageing, fatigue & corrosion control programmes.

c) Non destructive inspection techniques including, penetrant, radiographic, eddy current, ultrasonic & boroscope methods.
d) Disassembly & re -assembly techniques.

e) Trouble shooting techniques. 

7.19: Abnormal Events

7.19: Abnormal Events

a) Inspections following lightning strikes & HIRF penetration.

b) Inspections following abnormal events such as heavy landings & flight through turbulence.

7.20: Maintenance Procedures

7.20: Maintenance Procedures

Maintenance planning; Modification procedures; Stores procedures; Certification/release procedures; Interface with aircraft operation; Maintenance Inspection/Quality Control/Quality Assurance; Additional maintenance procedures; Control of life limited components.

 


8.01: Physics of the Atmosphere

8.01: Physics of the Atmosphere

International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), application to aerodynamics.

8.02: Aerodynamics

8.02: Aerodynamics

Airflow around a body;
Boundary layer, laminar and turbulent flow, free stream flow, relative airflow, upwash and downwash, vortices, stagnation;


The terms: camber, chord, mean aerodynamic chord, profile (parasite) drag, induced drag, centre of pressure, angle of attack, wash in and wash out, fineness ratio, wing shape and aspect
ratio; Thrust, Weight, Aerodynamic Resultant;

Generation of Lift and Drag: Angle of Attack, Lift coefficient, Drag coefficient, polar curve, stall; Aerofoil contamination including ice, snow, frost.

8.03: Theory of Flight

8.03: Theory of Flight

Relationship between lift weight, thrust and drag; Glide ratio; Steady state flights, performance; Theory of the turn; Influence of load factor: stall, flight envelope and structural limitations; Lift augmentation.

8.04: Flight Stability and Dynamics

8.04: Flight Stability and Dynamics

Longitudinal, lateral and directional stability (active and passive).

 

 


9.01: General 

9.01: General

The need to take human factors into account; Incidents attributable to human factors / human error; "Murphy's" law.

9.02: Human Performance & Limitations 

9.02: Human Performance & Limitations

Vision; Hearing; Information processing; Attention & perception; Memory; Claustrophobia & physical access.

9.03: Social Psychology 

9.03: Social Psychology

Responsibility: individual & group; Motivation & de -motivation; Peer pressure; 'Culture' issues; Team working; Management, supervision & leadership.

9.04: Factors Affecting Performance 

9.04: Factors Affecting Performance

Fitness / health; Stress: domestic & work related; Time pressure & deadlines; Workload: overload & underload; Sleep & fatigue, shiftwork; Alcohol, medication, drug abuse.

 9.05: Physical Environment

9.05: Physical Environment

Noise & fumes; Illumination; Climate & temperature; Motion & vibration; Working environment.

 9.06: Tasks

9.06: Tasks

Physical work; Repetitive tasks; Visual inspection; Complex systems.

 9.07: Communication

9.07: Communication

Within & between teams; Work logging & recording; Keeping up to date, currency; Dissemination of information.

9.08: Human Error 

9.08: Human Error

Error models & theories; Types of error in maintenance tasks; Implications of errors (i.e. accidents); Avoiding & managing errors.

9.09: Hazards in the Workplace 

9.09: Hazards in the Workplace

Recognising & avoiding hazards; Dealing with emergencies.

 


10.01: Regulatory Framework 

10.01: Regulatory Framework

Role of International Civil Aviation Organisation; Role of EASA; Role of the Member states; Role of the JAA candidate member Authorities; Relationship between Part-145, Part-66, Part-147 and Part-M; Relationship with other Aviation Authorities.

10.02: Certifying Staff - Maintenance 

10.02: Certifying Staff - Maintenance

Detailed understanding of Part-66.

 10.03: Approved Maintenance Organisations

10.03: Approved Maintenance Organisations

Detailed understanding of Part-145.

 10.04: EASA-OPS - Commercial Air Transportation:

10.04: EASA-OPS - Commercial Air Transportation:

Air Operators Certificates; Operators Responsibilities; Documents to be Carried; Aircraft Placarding (Markings).

 

10.05: Aircraft Certification

10.05: Aircraft Certification

a) General
Certification rules: such as JEACS 23/25/27/29; Type Certification; Supplemental Type Certification; Part-21 Design/Production Organisation Approvals.

b) Documents Certificate of Airworthiness; Certificate of Registration; Noise Certificate; Weight Schedule; Radio Station Licence & Approval.

10.06: Part-M 

10.06: Part-M

Detailed understanding of Part-M.

10.07: Aircraft National & International Requirements 

10.07: Aircraft National & International Requirements

a) Maintenance Programmes, Maintenance checks & inspections; Master Minimum Equipment Lists, Minimum Equipment List, Dispatch Deviation Lists; Airworthiness Directives; Service Bulletins, manufacturers service information; Modifications & repairs; Maintenance documentation: maintenance manuals, structural repair manual, illustrated parts catalogue, etc;

b) Continuing airworthiness; Test flights; ETOPS, maintenance & dispatch requirements; All Weather Operations, Category 2/3 operations & minimum equipment requirements.

 


11a.01: Theory of Flight

11a.01: Theory of Flight

Aeroplane Aerodynamics & Flight Controls
Operation and effect of: - roll control: ailerons & spoilers; - pitch control: elevators, stabilators,variable incidence stabilisers & canards; - yaw control, rudder limiters; Controls using elevons, ruddervators; High lift devices, slats, flaps, flaperons; Drag inducing devices, spoilers, liftdumpers, speed brakes; Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges; Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices; Operation & effect of trim tabs, balance & antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels;

High Speed Flight
Speed of sound, subsonic flight, transonic flight, supersonic flight, Mach number, critical Mach number, compressibility buffet, shock wave, aerodynamic heating, area rule; Factors affecting airflow in engine intakes of high speed aircraft; Effects of sweepback on critical Mach number.

11a.02: Airframe Structures - General Concepts

11a.02: Airframe Structures - General Concepts

a) Airworthiness requirements for structural strength; Structural classification, primary, secondary & tertiary; Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts; Zonal & station identification systems;
Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress fatigue; Drains & ventilation provisions; System installation provisions; Lightning strike protection provision; Aircraft bonding.

b) Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage, formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames, doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures, reinforcement, methods of skinning, anti-corrosive protection, wing, empennage & engine attachments; Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding; Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting; Surface cleaning; Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment & symmetry checks.

11a.03: Airframe Structures - Aeroplanes

11a.03: Airframe Structures - Aeroplanes

Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56)
Construction & pressurisation sealing; Wing, stabiliser, pylon & undercarriage attachments; Seat installation & cargo loading system; Doors & emergency exits: construction, mechanisms, operation & safety devices; Windows & windscreen construction & mechanisms;

Wings (ATA 57): Construction; Fuel storage; Landing gear, pylon, control surface & high lift/drag attachments;

Stabilisers (ATA 55): Construction; Control surface attachment;

Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57): Construction & attachment; Balancing - mass & aerodynamic;

Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54): Construction; Firewalls;Engine mounts.

11a.04: Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)

11a.04: Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)

Air supply
Sources of air supply including engine bleed, APU & ground cart;

Air Conditioning
Air conditioning systems; Air cycle & vapour cycle machines; Distribution systems; Flow, temperature & humidity control system;

Pressurisation
Pressurisation systems; Control & indication including control & safety valves; Cabin pressure controllers; Safety & warning devices; Protection & warning devices.

11a.05: Instruments / Avionic Systems

11a.05: Instruments / Avionic Systems

Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
Pilot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator; Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn & slip indicator, turn coordinator; Compasses: direct reading, remote reading; Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems; Other aircraft system indication.


Avionic Systems
Fundamentals of system layouts & operation of: Auto Flight (ATA 22); Communications (ATA 23); Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11a.06: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

11a.06: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

Batteries Installation & Operation; DC power generation; AC power generation; Emergency power generation; Voltage regulation; Power distribution; Inverters, transformers, rectifiers; Circuit protection; External/Ground power.

11a.07: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

11a.07: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

a) Emergency equipment requirements; Seats, harnesses & belts;


b) Cabin layout; Equipment layout; Cabin Furnishing Installation; Cabin entertainment equipment; Galley installation; Cargo handling & retention equipment; Airstairs

11a.08: Fire Protection (ATA 26)

11a.08: Fire Protection (ATA 26)

a) Fire & smoke detection & warning systems; Fire extinguishing systems; System tests.


b) Portable fire extinguisher.

11a.09: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

11a.09: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler; Trim control; Active load control; High lift devices; Lift dump, speed brakes; System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, fly-by-wire; Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust locks system; Balancing & rigging; Stall protection/warning system.

11a.10: Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

11a.10: Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

System layout; Fuel tanks; Supply systems; Dumping, venting & draining; Cross-feed & transfer; Indications & warnings; Refuelling & defuelling; Longitudinal balance fuel systems.

11a.11: Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

11a.11: Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

System layout; Hydraulic fluids; Hydraulic reservoirs and accumulators; Pressure generation: electric, mechanical, pneumatic; Emergency pressure generation; Pressure Control; Power distribution; Indication & warning systems; Interface with other systems.

11a.12: Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)

11a.12: Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)

Ice formation, classification & detection; Anti-icing systems: electrical, hot air & chemical; Deicing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic & chemical; Rain repellent; Probe & drain healing; Wiper systems.

11a.13: Landing Gear (ATA 32)

11a.13: Landing Gear (ATA 32)

Construction, shock absorbing; Extension & retraction systems: normal & emergency; Indications & warning; Wheels, brakes, antiskid & autobraking; Tyres; Steering.

11a.14: Lights (ATA 33)

11a.14: Lights (ATA 33)

External: navigation, anti-collision, landing, taxiing, ice; Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo; Emergency.

11a.15: Oxygen (ATA 35)

11a.15: Oxygen (ATA 35)

System layout: cockpit, cabin; Sources, storage, charging & distribution; Supply regulation; Indications & warnings.

11a.16: Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)

11a.16: Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)

System layout; Sources: engine / APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply; Pressure control; Distribution; Indications & warnings; Interfaces with other systems.

11a.17: Water/Waste (ATA 38)

11a.17: Water/Waste (ATA 38)

Water system layout, supply, distribution, servicing & draining; Toilet system layout, flushing & servicing; Corrosion aspects.

11a.18: On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)

11a.18: On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)

Central maintenance computers; Data loading system; Electronic library system; Printing; Structure monitoring (damage tolerance monitoring).

 


11b.01: Theory of Flight

11b.01: Theory of Flight

Aeroplane Aerodynamics & Flight Controls
Operation and effect of: - roll control: ailerons & spoilers; - pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers & canards; - yaw control, rudder limiters; Controls using elevons, ruddervators; High lift devices, slats, flaps, flaperons; Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes; Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges; Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices; Operation & effect of trim tabs, balance & antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface
bias, aerodynamic balance panels;
High Speed Flight - N/A

11b.02: Airframe Structures - General Concepts

11b.02: Airframe Structures - General Concepts

a) Airworthiness requirements for structural strength; Structural classification, primary, secondary & tertiary; Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts; Zonal & station identification systems; Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress fatigue; Drains & ventilation provisions; System installation provisions; Lightning strike protection provision; Aircraft bonding.

b) Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage, formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames, doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures, reinforcement, methods of skinning, anti-corrosive protection, wing, empennage & engine attachments; Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding; Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting; Surface cleaning; Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment & symmetry checks.

11b.03: Airframe Structures - Aeroplanes

11b.03: Airframe Structures - Aeroplanes

Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56)
Construction & pressurisation sealing; Wing, stabiliser, pylon & undercarriage attachments; Seat installation & cargo loading system; Doors & emergency exits: construction, mechanisms, operation and safety devices; Windows & windscreen attachment;

Wings (ATA 57): Construction; Fuel storage; Landing gear, pylon, control surface & high lift/drag attachments;

Stabilisers (ATA 55): Construction; Control surface attachment;

Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57): Construction and attachment; Balancing - mass & aerodynamic;

Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54): Construction; Firewalls; Engine mounts.

11b.04: Air Conditioning & Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)

11b.04: Air Conditioning & Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)

Pressurisation & Air Conditioning systems; Cabin pressure controllers, protection & warning devices.

11b.05: Instruments / Avionic Systems

11b.05: Instruments / Avionic Systems

Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
Pilot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator; Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn & slip indicator, turn coordinator; Compasses: direct reading, remote reading; Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems; Other aircraft system indication.

Avionic Systems
Fundamentals of system layouts and operation of: Auto Flight (ATA 22); Communications (ATA 23); Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11b.06: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

11b.06: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

Batteries Installation & Operation; DC power generation; Voltage regulation; Power distribution; Circuit protection; Inverters, transformers.

11b.07: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

11b.07: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

a) Emergency equipment requirements; Seats, harnesses & belts;


b) Cabin layout; Equipment layout; Cabin Furnishing Installation(level 2); Cabin entertainment equipment; Galley installation; Cargo handling & retention equipment; Airstairs.

11b.08: Fire Protection (ATA 26)

11b.08: Fire Protection (ATA 26)

a) Fire & smoke detection & warning systems; Fire extinguishing systems; System tests.

b) Portable fire extinguisher.

11b.09: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

11b.09: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler; Trim control; High lift devices; System operation: manual; Gust locks; Balancing & rigging; Stall warning system.

11b.10: Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

11b.10: Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

System layout; Fuel tanks; Supply systems; Cross-feed & transfer; Indications & warnings; Refuelling & defuelling;

11b.11: Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

11b.11: Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

System layout; Hydraulic fluids; Hydraulic reservoirs & accumulators; Pressure generation: electric, mechanical, pneumatic; Pressure Control; Power distribution; Indication & warning systems;

11b.12: Ice & Rain Protection (ATA 30)

11b.12: Ice & Rain Protection (ATA 30)

Ice formation, classification & detection; De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic & chemical; Probe & drain healing; Wiper systems.

11b.13: Landing Gear (ATA 32)

11b.13: Landing Gear (ATA 32)

Construction, shock absorbing; Extension a& retraction systems: normal & emergency; Indications & warning; Wheels, brakes, anti-skid & autobraking; Tyres; Steering.

11b.14: Lights (ATA 33)

11b.14: Lights (ATA 33)

External: navigation, anti-collision, landing, taxiing, ice; Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo; Emergency.

11b.15: Oxygen (ATA 35)

11b.15: Oxygen (ATA 35)

System layout: cockpit, cabin; Sources, storage, charging & distribution; Supply regulation; Indications & warnings.

11b.16: Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)

11b.16: Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)

System layout; Sources: engine / APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply; Pressure control; Distribution; Indications & warnings; Interfaces with other systems.

11b.17: Water/Waste (ATA 38)

11b.17: Water/Waste (ATA 38)

Water system layout, supply, distribution, servicing & draining; Toilet system layout, flushing & servicing; Corrosion aspects.

 


 

 13.01: Theory of Flight

13.01: Theory of Flight

a) Aeroplane Aerodynamics & Flight Controls
Operation and effect of: - roll control: ailerons and spoilers;- pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards; - yaw control, rudder limiters and canards; Control using elevons, ruddervators; High lift devices: slots, slats, flaps; Drag inducing devices: spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes; Operation & effect of trim tabs, servo tabs, control surface bias;


b) High Speed Flight Speed of sound, subsonic flight, transonic flight, supersonic flight; Mach number, critical Mach number;

c) Rotary Wing Aerodynamics Terminology; Operation & effect of cyclic, collective & anti -torque controls;

 13.02: Structures - General Concepts

13.02: Structures - General Concepts

a) Fundamentals of structural systems;


b) Zonal & station identification systems; Electrical bonding; Lightning strike protection provision.

13.03: Autoflight (ATA 22) 

13.03: Autoflight (ATA 22)

Fundamentals of automatic flight control including working principles & current terminology; Command signal processing; Modes of operation: roll, pitch & yaw channels; Yaw dampers; Stability Augmentation System in helicopters; Automatic trim control; Autopilot navigation aids interface; Autothrottle systems; Automatic Landing Systems: principles and categories, modes of operation, approach, glideslope, land, go-around, system monitors & failure conditions.

13.04: Communication / Navigation (ATA 23/34) 

13.04: Communication / Navigation (ATA 23/34)

Fundamentals of radio wave propagation, antennas, transmission lines, communication, receiver & transmitter; Working principles of the following systems: -Very High Frequency (VHF)communication; - High Frequency (HF)communication; - Audio; - Emergency Locator Transmitters; - Cockpit Voice Recorder; - Very High Frequency omnidirectional range (VOR); - Automatic Direction Finding (ADF); - Instrument Landing System (ILS); - Microwave Landing System (MLS); - Flight Directors stems, Distance Measuring Equipment (DME); - Very Low Frequency & hyperbolic navigation (VLF/Omega); - Doppler navigation; - Area navigation, RNAV
systems; - Flight Management Systems; - Global Positioning System (GPS), Global Navigation Satellite Systems(GNSS); - Inertial Navigation System; - Air Traffic Control transponder, secondary surveillance radar; - Traffic Alert & Collision Avoidance System (TCAS); - Weather avoidance radar; - Radio altimeter; - ARINC communication and reporting.

 13.05: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

13.05: Electrical Power (ATA 24)

Batteries Installation & Operation; DC power generation; AC power generation; Emergency power generation; Voltage regulation;Power distribution; Inverters, transformers, rectifiers; Circuit protection; External Ground power.

 13.06: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

13.06: Equipment & Furnishings (ATA 25)

Electronic emergency equipment requirements; Cabin entertainment equipment

 13.07: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

13.07: Flight Controls (ATA 27)

a) Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler; Trim control; Active load control; High lift devices; Lift dump, speed brakes; System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic; Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust locks; Stall rotection systems.


b) System operation: electrical, fly by wire.

13.08: Instrument Systems (ATA 31) 

13.08: Instrument Systems (ATA 31)

Classification; Atmosphere; Terminology; Pressure measuring devices and systems; Pilot static systems; Altimeters; Vertical speed indicators; Airspeed indicators; Machmeters; Altitude reporting / alerting systems; Air data computers; Instrument pneumatic systems; Direct reading pressure & temperature gauges; Temperature indicating systems; Fuel quantity indicating systems; Gyroscopic principles; Artificial horizons; Slip indicators; Ground Proximity Warning Systems; Directional gyros; Compass systems; Flight Data Recording systems; Electronic Flight Instrument Systems; Instrument warning systems including master warning systems & centralised; Stall warning systems & angle of attack indicating systems; Vibration measurement & indication.

 13.09: Lights (ATA 33)

13.09: Lights (ATA 33)

External: navigation, landing, taxiing, ice; Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo; Emergency.

13.10: On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45) 

13.10: On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)

Central maintenance computers; Data loading system; Electronic library system; Printing; Structure monitoring (damage tolerance monitoring).

 


14.01: Turbine Engines

14.01: Turbine Engines

a) Constructional arrangement and operation of turbojet, turbofan, turboshaft and turbopropeller engines.

b) Electronic Engine control and fuel metering systems (FADEC)

14.02: Engine Indicating Systems

14.02: Engine Indicating Systems

Exhaust gas temperature / Interstage turbine temperature systems; Engine speed; Engine Thrust Indication: Engine Pressure Ratio, engine turbine discharge pressure or jet pipe pressure systems; Oil pressure and temperature; Fuel pressure ,temperature and flow; Manifold pressure; Engine torque; Propeller speed.

 


15.01: Fundamentals

15.01: Fundamentals

Potential energy, kinetic energy, Newton's laws of motion, Brayton cycle; The relationship between force, work, power, energy, velocity, acceleration; Constructional arrangement & operation of turbojet, turbofan, turboshaft, turboprop.

15.02: Engine Performance

15.02: Engine Performance

Gross thrust, net thrust, choked nozzle thrust, thrust distribution, resultant thrust, thrust horsepower, equivalent shaft horsepower, specific fuel consumption; Engine efficiencies; By-pass ratio & engine pressure ratio; Pressure, temperature & velocity of the gas flow; Engine ratings, static thrust, influence of speed, altitude & hot climate, flat rating, limitations.

15.03: Inlet

15.03: Inlet

Compressor inlet ducts; Effects of various inlet configurations; Ice protection.

15.04: Compressors

15.04: Compressors

Axial & centrifugal types; Constructional features & operating principles & applications; Fan balancing; Operation; Causes & effects of compressor stall & surge; Methods of air flow control: bleed valves, variable inlet guide vanes, variable stator vanes, rotating stator blades; Compressor ratio.

15.05: Combustion Section

15.06: Turbine Section

Operation & characteristics of different turbine blade types; Blade to disk attachment; Nozzle guide vanes; Causes & effects of turbine blade stress & creep.

15.06: Turbine Section

15.06: Turbine Section

Operation & characteristics of different turbine blade types; Blade to disk attachment; Nozzle guide vanes; Causes & effects of turbine blade stress & creep.

15.07: Exhaust

15.07: Exhaust

Constructional features & principles of operation; Convergent, divergent & variable area nozzles; Engine noise reduction; Thrust reversers.

15.08: Bearings & Seals

15.08: Bearings & Seals

Constructional features & principles of operation.

15.09: Lubricants & Fuels

15.09: Lubricants & Fuels

Properties & specifications; Fuel additives; Safety precautions.

15.10: Lubrication Systems

15.10: Lubrication Systems

System operation/layout & components.

15.11: Fuel Systems

15.11: Fuel Systems

Operation of engine control & fuel metering systems including electronic engine control (FADEC); Systems layout & components.

15.12: Air Systems

15.12: Air Systems

Operation of engine air distribution & anti-ice control systems, including internal cooling, sealing & external air services.

15.13: Starting & Ignition Systems

15.13: Starting & Ignition Systems

Operation of engine start systems & components; Ignition systems & components; Maintenance safety requirements.

15.14: Engine Indication Systems

15.14: Engine Indication Systems

Exhaust Gas Temperature/Interstage Turbine Temperature; Engine Thrust Indication: Engine Pressure Ratio, engine turbine discharge pressure or pipe pressure systems; Oil pressure & temperature; Fuel pressure & flow; Engine speed; Vibration measurement & indication; Torque; Power.

15.15: Power Augmentation Systems

15.15: Power Augmentation Systems

Operation & applications; Water injection, water methanol; Afterburner systems.

15.16: Turbo-prop Engines

15.16: Turbo-prop Engines

Gas coupled/free turbine & gear coupled turbines; Reduction gears; Integrated engine & propeller controls; Overspeed safety devices.

15.17: Turbo- shaft Engines

15.17: Turbo- shaft Engines

Arrangements, drive systems, reduction gearing, couplings, control systems

15.18: Auxiliary Power Units (APUs)

15.18: Auxiliary Power Units (APUs)

Purpose, operation, protective systems.

15.19: Powerplant Installation

15.19: Powerplant Installation

Configuration of firewalls, cowlings, acoustic panels, engine mounts, anti-vibration mounts, hoses, pipes, feeders, connectors, wiring looms, control cables & rods, lifting points & drains.

15.20: Fire Protection Systems

15.20: Fire Protection Systems

Operation of detection & extinguishing systems.

15.21: Engine Monitoring & Ground Operation

15.21: Engine Monitoring & Ground Operation

Procedures for starting & ground run-up; Interpretation of engine power output & parameters; Trend (including oil analysis, vibration & boroscope) monitoring; Inspection of engine & components to criteria, tolerances & data specified by engine manufacturer; Compressor washing/cleaning; Foreign Object Damage.

15.22: Engine Storage & Preservation

15.22: Engine Storage & Preservation

Preservation & depreservation for the engine & accessories/systems.

 


 

16.01: Fundamentals

16.01: Fundamentals

Mechanical, thermal & volumetric efficiencies; Operating principles - 2 stroke, 4 stroke, Otto & Diesel; Piston displacement & compression ratio; Engine configuration & firing order.

16.02: Engine Performance

16.02: Engine Performance

Power calculation & measurement; Factors affecting engine power; Mixtures/leaning, preignition.

16.03: Engine Construction

16.03: Engine Construction

Crank case, crank shaft, cam shafts, sumps; Accessory gearbox; Cylinder & piston assemblies;
Connecting rods, inlet & exhaust manifolds; Valve mechanisms; Propeller reduction gearboxes.

16.04: Engine Fuel Systems

16.04: Engine Fuel Systems

Carburettors: Types, construction & principles of operation; Icing & heating;

Fuel injection systems: Types, construction & principles of operation;

Electronic engine control: Operation of engine control & fuel metering systems including electronic engine control (FADEC); System layout & components.

16.05: Starting & Ignition Systems

16.05: Starting & Ignition Systems

Starting systems;Magneto types, construction & principles of operation; Ignition harnesses, spark plugs; Low & high tension systems.

16.06: Induction, Exhaust & Cooling Systems

16.06: Induction, Exhaust & Cooling Systems

Construction & operation of induction systems including alternate air systems; Exhaust systems & engine cooling systems.

16.07: Supercharging/Turbocharging

16.07: Supercharging/Turbocharging

Principles & purpose of supercharging & its effects on engine parameters; Construction & operation of supercharging/turbocharging systems; System terminology; Control systems; System protection.

16.08: Lubricants & Fuels

16.08: Lubricants & Fuels

Properties & specifications; Fuel additives; Safety precautions.

16.09: Lubrication Systems

16.09: Lubrication Systems

System operation/layout & components.

16.10: Engine Indication Systems

16.10: Engine Indication Systems

Engine speed; Cylinder head temperature; Oil pressure & temperature; Exhaust Gas Temperature; Fuel pressure & flow; Manifold pressure.

16.11: Powerplant Installation

16.11: Powerplant Installation

Configuration of firewalls, cowlings, acoustic panels, engine mounts, anti -vibration mounts, hoses, pipes, feeders, connectors, wiring looms, control cables & rods, lifting points & drains.

16.12: Engine Monitoring & Ground Operation

16.12: Engine Monitoring & Ground Operation

Procedures for starting & ground run-up; Interpretation of engine power output & parameters; Inspection of engine & components: criteria, tolerances, & data specified by engine manufacturer.

16.13: Engine Storage & Preservation

16.13: Engine Storage & Preservation

Preservation & depreservation for the engine & accessories/systems.

 


 

17.01: Fundamentals

17.01: Fundamentals

Blade element theory;High/low blade angle, reverse angle, angle of attack, rotational speed; Propeller slip;Aerodynamic, centrifugal, and thrust forces; Torque; Relative airflow on blade angle of attack; Vibration and resonance.

17.02: Propeller Construction

17.02: Propeller Construction

Construction methods & materials used in wooden, composite & metal propellers; Blade station, blade face, blade shank, blade back & hub assembly; Fixed pitch, controllable pitch, constant speeding propeller; Propeller/spinner installation.

17.03: Propeller Pitch Control

17.03: Propeller Pitch Control

Speed control & pitch change methods; Feathering & reverse pitch; Overspeed protection. 

17.04: Propeller Synchronising

17.04: Propeller Synchronising

Synchronising & synchrophasing equipment.

17.05: Propeller Ice Protection

17.05: Propeller Ice Protection

Fluid & electrical de-icing equipment.

17.06: Propeller Maintenance

17.06: Propeller Maintenance

Static and dynamic balancing; Blade tracking; Assessment of blade damage, erosion, corrosion, impact damage, delamination;
Propeller treatment/repair schemes; Propeller engine running.

17.07: Propeller Storage & Preservation

17.07: Propeller Storage & Preservation

Propeller preservation & depreservation.

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